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Vasectomy Procedures in Staten Island, NY

Vasectomy is among the safest and most effective forms of birth control available. It provides nearly 100% protection against pregnancy, yet without the high costs and side effects associated with surgical pregnancy prevention for women.

Richmond University Medical Center provides vasectomy procedures and other urology services for patients in Staten Island, NY through its Urology Services Center.

Physician consults with young couple seeking information about vasectomy

What Is a Vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a surgical birth control procedure. It works by severing the vas deferens. Also called the sperm duct, this long tube is responsible for transporting sperm away from its storage location in the testicles. A vasectomy involves tying, clipping, or cauterizing the vas deferens to prevent sperm from traveling to its end and exiting the body.

An estimated 500,000 men get a vasectomy each year, with roughly 5% to 6% of men between 18 and 45 having received the procedure. Many patients choose vasectomy for the advantages it carries over other forms of birth control:

  • It is nearly 100% effective in preventing pregnancy.
  • It is less expensive than female sterilization, or tubal ligation.
  • It costs less than the long-term use of birth control medication.
  • It is an outpatient surgery with a fast recovery.
  • It has a very low risk of side effects or complications.
  • It will not damage genitalia or affect sexual performance.

Vasectomy should be considered a permanent form of birth control. Though vasectomy reversal surgeries exist, they are not always effective. Patients should be certain that they do not want children before they get a vasectomy.

Preparing for the Vasectomy

Before a vasectomy, physicians will confirm that the patient is committed. They will then review the patient’s medical history for any factors that may affect the procedure or vasectomy recovery. Physicians may ask about:

  • Blood disorders or history of excessive bleeding
  • Regular use of painkillers and other medicines that affect bleeding
  • Allergy or sensitivity to local anesthetics or antibiotics
  • Infected pimples, rashes, or other skin diseases involving the scrotum
  • History of injuries or previous surgeries affecting the genitals, scrotum, or groin
  • History of urinary tract or genital infections

These questions inform physicians while planning the procedure to help prevent complications. After the patient has answered, physicians will provide instructions to prepare for the surgery. Patients may be asked to:

  • Avoid taking medications that affect bleeding
  • Shave the entire scrotum and genital region
  • Thoroughly wash the scrotum and groin
  • Take preoperative medications as instructed by the physician
  • Bring an athletic supporter or tight compression short
  • Eat lightly or consume only liquids

Patients should follow instructions carefully. Preoperative preparations are essential to increase the likelihood of a successful surgery with minimal discomfort during recovery.

During and After the Procedure

On the day of the procedure, the physician begins by numbing the patient’s scrotum using a local anesthetic. The anesthetic is typically delivered as a shot. The physician then makes a small opening in the skin. Through the opening, the surgeon grasps the vas deferens and carefully divides it. The cut ends may be sealed with surgical ties or with cauterization using an electrical current. Stitches or glue may be used to close the incision once surgery is complete.

Patients experience little discomfort during a vasectomy. The local anesthetic eliminates most pain. Some patients report a tugging sensation or a feeling of movement in the groin area.

After the procedure, patients should rest and avoid heavy activity for up to a week. They should also avoid sexual activity during this period. Patients may experience some minor bruising, swelling, or pain. This is normal and should get better after a few days. Tight-fitting underwear or bandages may provide some relief by supporting the scrotum. Ice packs can also help to numb the pain and reduce inflammation.

Vasectomy Side Effects and Risks

Vasectomy is among the safest forms of birth control, with a low rate of complications and side effects. No surgery is entirely risk-free, however. Patients should contact a physician if they experience any of the following after their procedure:

  • Blood in semen
  • Pain, swelling, or bruising that does not go away after one week
  • Infection around the surgery site

Vasectomy also cannot provide immediate protection against pregnancy. It may be several months before there are no sperm left in a patient’s semen. Nor can vasectomy prevent sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia, syphilis, or HIV/AIDS. Patients should continue to use appropriate precautions against infection.

Learn More About Vasectomy Procedures

For patients considering a vasectomy, treatment and related services, contact Richmond University Medical Center’s Urology Services Center at 1200 South Avenue, Staten Island, NY. Call 718-370-1400 to make an appointment.